Types of Forklifts

There are many types of forklifts, and each of the forklift types serves a specific requirement on the job. Selecting the appropriate lift truck can make an impact difference in how efficient and productive your company operates. With many factors to consider before buying or leasing a used lift truck, check different types of forklifts pictures, cost, review the forklifts types below to see what types of forklifts fit your needs.

If you need help deciding the most appropriate types of forklifts for you don’t hesitate to contact us at 866-918-3372
 

Cushion Tire Warehouse Forklifts

These forklifts have a tighter turning radius that their pneumatic tire counterparts, but operation is limited to hard smooth surfaces. Internal combustion forklifts (propane, gasoline, and diesel) will generate more power than electric forklifts, and move quicker over long distances. Ease of refueling is also an advantage with I.C. forklifts. Propane forklifts can be used indoors where there is some ventilation. Capacities range from 3,000 lbs – 100,000 lbs.

Pneumatic Tire Forklifts

Pneumatic forklifts are equipped with air filled pneumatic tires that are typically used outside on yard surfaces such as crushed concrete, packed gravel, or stabilized limestone. Pneumatic tire forklifts are not recommended to be used on loose dirt, except on a very limited basis, as long as it’s well packed and not muddy. Pneumatic tire forklifts can also be used on hard, smooth surfaces such as concrete. Forklifts with pneumatic tires have a larger turning radius than cushion warehouse forklifts. Internal combustion pneumatic forklifts (propane, gasoline, and diesel) will generate more power than electric forklifts, and move quicker over long distances. Ease of refueling is also an advantage with I.C. forklifts. warehouse tire forklifts and liftrucks. Due to their capacity Internal combustion pneumatic liftrucks can be used in a wide variety of applications. Capacities from 3,000 lbs – 105,000 lbs.

Three-Wheel Forklifts

Three-wheel electric forklifts primarily have cushion tires, and are used mainly indoors. These forklifts are sometimes preferred over four-wheel forklifts due to their tighter turning radius. Three-wheel forklifts are good for unloading trucks, and moving pallets and other loads throughout a warehouse or on smooth surfaces where maneuverability and space requirements make four-wheel forklifts inefficient. Electric forklifts have the lowest overall operating cost. Capacities range from 3,000 lbs – 5,000 lbs. 

Four-Wheel Electric Forklifts

Four-wheel electric warehouse forklifts come with either cushion or pneumatic tires. Electric forklifts fitted with cushion tires are mainly indoor forklifts that run on smooth surfaces. Since electric forklifts do not release emissions they work well where ventilation is poor or in a sanitary environment. Electric forklifts have the lowest overall operating cost. Capacities range from 3,000 lbs – 30,000 lbs. 

Reach Trucks

These electric forklifts are commonly referred to as narrow-aisle forklifts. These forklifts are designed to rack pallets on smooth surfaces. Single-reach forklifts can extend the distance of one pallet. Double-reach forklifts can extend the distance of two pallets. Outriggers on the front of the forklift support the weight of the load. Capacities range from 2,500 lbs – 5,500 lbs.

Order Pickers

These electric forklifts are commonly referred to as order-pickers, stock-pickers or man-up forklifts. The rider stands on an elevating platform along with the forks, so they may rise with the forklift to select a load. These units can be used in very narrow aisles. Capacities are normally 3,500 lbs. 

Turret Forklifts

These forklifts can be used in very narrow aisles and employ a rotating mast. The masts of these forklifts rotate 90 degrees so that the operator can pick up a load from either side without turning the base of the forklift. Capacities range from 3,000 lbs – 8,000 lbs. 

Stand-up Counter Balance Forklifts

These electric forklifts are well-suited for the quick loading and unloading of trucks, in conditions where the rider might frequently need to mount and dismount from the forklift. These forklifts are used primarily indoors on smooth surfaces. Capacities range from 3,000 lbs – 5,500 lbs.

Empty Container Handlers

These large sized pneumatic tire lifts range in capacity from 33,000 lbs to 45,000 lbs capacity. Empty container handlers are designed to efficiently lift 20′ and 40′ empty ocean containers, or refrigerated containers, and stack them one on top of another. Empty container handlers have the ability to stack containers 3 to 7 high. Side pick empty container handlers have an attachment instead of forks that’s hydraulically expandable from 20′ to 40′ depending on the container’s length being handled. These integral spreader bar attachments have twist locks that lock the container to the attachment for handling purposes.

Loaded Container Handlers

Very Large sized pneumatic tire lifts such as loaded container handlers range in capacity from 80,000 lbs to 105,000 lbs. Designed to efficiently lift 20 foot and 40 foot fully loaded ocean containers, or refrigerated containers, loaded container handlers can then stack the containers one on top of another. Depending on the loaded container handlers’ lift height a loaded container handler may have the ability to stack containers 3 to 5 high, or more. Top-pick loaded container handlers have an attachment instead of forks. This attachment is hydraulically expandable from 20 feet to 40 feet depending on the container’s length being handled. Integral spreader bar attachments such as these have twist locks that lock down the container for handling purposes.